Vibrant Festivals Celebrated In Assam

Whatever state you’re talking about, as long as it’s a part of India, you’ll find a wide variety of festivals to celebrate. It’s no different in Assam, the state in the northeastern section of the country. Assam is a vibrant state in India, where locals celebrate a plethora of fairs and festivals with zeal, pomp, and display.

The amount of grandeur and excitement you get to witness during the ceremonies of these festivals in Assam is just another level, whether you’re a spectator or a participant. The majority of the festivals in Assam may be divided into three categories: agricultural festivals, folk festivals, and religious festivals.

Bihu Dance Festival:

This is one of Assam’s most well-known events, and it is nearly synonymous with the state. The Bihu dance festival is actually a collection of three festivals that represent Assamese culture. Bohag Bihu, Kongali Bihu, and Bhogali Bihu are the three portions of the Bihu dance festival that are celebrated. All three forms of Bihu festivals have different celebrations depending on the harvest cycle. It all starts with the Bohag Bihu, which is also known as Rongali Bihu.

According to the Assamese calendar, it is traditionally observed around April and marks the beginning of the New Agricultural Year. The Bohgali Bihu, also known as the Magh Bihu, is the next in line. It is held throughout the winter season, in the month of January, and corresponds with the Winter Solstice, to commemorate the harvesting period. The Kongali Bihu, also known as Kati Bihu, is the third and final Bihu event. It coincides with the autumn solstice and is celebrated with zeal throughout the month of October.

This event takes place when the seeds have been planted and the paddy has been transplanted. Assam’s Bihu Dance Festival has a long history. ‘Bihu’ is a Sanksrit term that means ‘Vishnu.’ For a long time, Assamese people have celebrated this event. This celebration commemorates the state’s agricultural cycle. It is not just commemorated to distinguish the main agricultural seasons

Kaziranga Elephant festival:

The famed Kaziranga National Park hosts the Kaziranga Elephant Festival, also known as the Assam Elephant Festival. The major goal of this celebration is to raise awareness about Asiatic elephant conservation and protection, as poaching has significantly reduced their numbers. This festival, which is co-organized by the Assam Forest Department and the Tourist Department, aims to reduce man-animal conflict on a daily basis. Domesticated elephants are dressed up for this festival and take part in activities such as dancing, football, and parades.

Youth in traditional Bihu attire performing Bihu, in a “MUKOLI BIHU” in Guwahati, Assam on 13-04-10, on the eve of the greatest festival for the Assamese People “RANGALI BIHU”. PHOTO: UB PHOTOS.

This yearly event, which promotes ecotourism and the conservation of wild animals, takes place in February each year. Aside from elephants, you can witness a variety of other animals.

Brahmaputra Beach Fair and Festival:

The Brahmaputra River is one of Assam’s most famous tourist destinations. The Assam Boat Racing and Rowing Association, in collaboration with the Assam Tourism Development Corporation, hosts an open-air beach fair and festival on the banks of this magnificent river. This Assamese festival is held in January and usually falls on the same day as the Magh Bihu. The main goal of this event in Assam is to promote the indigenous custom and culture of Assam to the young and cultural enthusiasts. A variety of traditional sports, such as boat racing, beach cricket, and beach volleyball, are held among the bright and colourful festivities. Aside from adventure, during the festival, there will be several cultural programmes showcasing the state’s traditional arts and culture. The fun is enhanced by stalls offering Assamese handicrafts and activities such as kite flying and sketching.

Ambubachi Mela:

 The Ambubachi Mela is a fair conducted in Guwahati’s famed Kamakhya temple. It is a well-known Hindu religious celebration that takes place in Assam. The Assamese festival is held around the time of year when Mother Nature or the Mother Goddess who resides in the Kamakhya temple is said to be menstruating.

This is one of 52 Shaktipeetha temples. It is widely believed that Shakti’s genitals had fallen on this spot. As a result, a large crowd of devotees congregate at the temple during the Goddess’s Ambubachi, or menstruation, to execute a series of religious ceremonies. 

The Ambubachi fair takes place near the Kamakhya temple in June for around four days. Some people refer to this fair as the Ameti or Tantrik fertility festival. Many tantric ascetics who live in seclusion for the rest of the year make an annual public appearance at this festival. During this four-day fair in Assam, a variety of tantric rituals are performed.

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