History of Ganesh Chaturthi

Ganesh Chaturthi is an important event in India that is celebrated with great zeal and dedication. Lord Ganesha, the Lord of Knowledge, Wisdom, Prosperity, and Good Fortune, celebrates his birthday on this day. Vinayak Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi are other names for the occasion. This day, which is considered one of the most auspicious in Hinduism, is widely observed, particularly in Maharashtra. 


The festival of Ganesh Chaturthi dates back to the Maratha dynasty, with Chatrapati Shivaji initiating it. The myth of Ganesha’s birth, the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, is the basis for this belief.

Although there are other stories about his birth, the most important one is told here. Ganpati was created by Goddess Parvati. She made Ganesha with her sandalwood paste in the absence of Lord Shiva and set him on guard duty while she took a bath.

While she was away, Lord Shiva got into a quarrel with Ganesha because he refused to let him in as his mother had ordered. Lord Shiva, enraged, severed Ganesha’s head. When Parvati witnessed this, she transformed into Goddess Kali and threatened to wipe the world clean. Everyone was concerned, so they asked Lord Shiva to find a remedy and calm Goddess Kali’s fury.

Shiva then told all of his pupils to go find a little child whose mother had abandoned him and bring his head to him. The first child seen by the followers was an elephant, whose head was chopped off and given to Lord Shiva as directed. Ganesha was quickly resurrected by Lord Shiva by placing his head on his body. Maa Kali’s fury was subdued, and Goddess Parvati was once again overwhelmed.


Preparations for Ganesh Chaturthi begin approximately a month before the event.The celebrations stretch for roughly ten days (from Bhadrapad Shudh Chaturthi to Ananta Chaturdashi). On the first day, a clay idol of Lord Ganesha is installed in each household. Flowers are used to beautify homes. A significant number of worshippers pay a visit to temples.

Bhajans are chanted and poojas are conducted. Families frequently congregate to enjoy the occasion. To commemorate the holiday with friends and family, communities organise and set up pandals and big idols of Lord Ganesha. On the last day of the celebrations, Lord Ganesha’s idol is paraded through the streets. People express their delight and enthusiasm by dancing and singing in the streets, along with other activities.

Finally, the idol is submerged in a river or sea. A great number of devotees express their joy and give their prayers throughout the day.

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