Celebration Of Makar Sankranti in India


Why is Makar Sankranti celebrated?

Makar Sankranti 2022: it’s also referred to as Uttarayan and has its own historical and non secular significance in India. allow us to read more about Makar Sankranti, how is it celebrated, history behind the festival, etc


Makar Sankranti 2022: it’s celebrated in January per annum and marks the termination of the Winter season and therefore the beginning of a replacement harvest season. This year it’ll be celebrated on 14 January.

It is dedicated to Lord Sun. It also refers to a selected day within the Hindu calendar . On this auspicious day, the sun enters the zodiac sign of Capricorn or Makar which marks the top of winter months and therefore the beginning of longer days. this is often the start of the month of Magh. To recompense for the excellence that happens thanks to the revolution round the sun, every 80 years the day of Sankranti is deferred by at some point . From the day of Makar Sankranti, the sun begins its northward journey or Uttarayan journey. Therefore, this festival is additionally referred to as Uttarayan.

History of Makar Sankranti

Sankranti is deemed a Deity. As per the legend, Sankranti killed a devil named Sankarasur. The day next to Makar Sankrant is named Karidin or Kinkrant. On today , Devi slew the devil Kinkarasur. the knowledge of Makar Sankranti is out there in Panchang. The Panchang is that the Hindu Almanac that gives information on the age, form, clothing, direction, and movement of Sankranti.


According to the DrikPanchaang, “The time between Makar Sankranti and 40 Ghatis (roughly 16 hours for Indian locations if we consider 1 Ghati duration as 24 minutes) from the time of Makar Sankranti is taken into account good for auspicious work. This duration of forty Ghatis is understood as Punya Kaal. Sankranti activities, like taking bath, offering Naivedhya (food offered to deity) to Lord Surya, offering charity or Dakshina, performing Shraddha rituals, and breaking fast or Parana, should be done during Punya Kaal. If Makar Sankranti happens after Sunset then all Punya Kaal activities are postponed till subsequent Sunrise. Therefore, all Punya Kaal activities should be wiped out the day time.”

Importance of Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti is that the go back which the northward movement of the sun begins. the amount from Karka Sankranti to Makar Sankranti is understood because the Dakshinayan.

  • consistent with the scriptures, Dakshinayan symbolizes the night of god or the sign of negativity, and Uttarayan is taken into account as a logo of the day of God or a symbol of positivity. Since on today , the sun starts its journey towards the north so, people take a holy dip in Ganga, Godavari, Krishna, Yamuna River at holy places, chant mantras, etc. Normally the sun affects all the zodiac signs, but it’s said that the entry of the sun within the zodiac sign of Cancer and Capricorn religiously is extremely fruitful.
  • Before Makar Sankranti, the sun is within the hemisphere . For this reason, in India, in winter nights are longer and days are smaller. But with the Makar Sankranti, the sun starts its journey towards hemisphere then , days are going to be longer and nights smaller.
  • On the occasion of Makar Sankranti, people express their gratitude towards the people of India throughout the year by worshiping the sun God in various forms. Any meritorious deeds or donations during this era establishes more fruitful.
  • Performing Haldi Kumkum ceremony during a way that invokes the waves of quiescent Adi – Shakti within the Universe to urge triggered. This helps in generating an impact of Sagun devotion on the mind of an individual & enhances the Spiritual emotion to God.

In different regions of the country, Makar Sankranti is widely known by different names

  • Lohri: at some point before Makar Sankranti, Lohri is widely known in India with enthusiasm mainly in Haryana and Punjab. At night, people gather round the bonfire and throw til, cold cereal & popcorns into the flames of the bonfire. Prayers are offered to the bonfire seeking abundance & prosperity.
  • Festival of Donation “or” Khichdi “: In Uttar Pradesh , it’s mainly the festival of ‘Donation’. The Magh fair, which continues for one month on the confluence of Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati in Allahabad, starts from the day of Makar Sankranti only. On this auspicious day, people do fast in Uttar Pradesh eat and offer khichdi. Also, Khichdi Mela is organized at Gorakhdham in Gorakhpur.
  • In Bihar, the Makar Sankranti festival is understood as Khichdi. On today , donating urad, rice, gold, woollen clothes, blankets, etc. have their own importance.
  • In Maharashtra, all married women donate cotton, oil, and salt to other suhagin or married women on their first Sankrant.
  • In Bengal, there’s a practice of donating til after taking bath on Makar Sankrant. an enormous fair is additionally organised per annum in Gangasagar.
  • Pongal: On the occasion of Makar Sankranti in Tamil Nadu , this festival is widely known as Pongal for four days.
  • Kite Festival: In Gujarat, the kite festival is organized on the occasion of Makar Sankranti.

Therefore, in India, the Makar Sankranti festival has its own importance. it’s celebrated in various States by different names. So now you’ll have come to understand the history of Makar Sankranti and the way is it celebrated.

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